Salal Credit Union

News & Updates

Fourth Quarter 2023 Newsletter

Salal Investment Services

Available through CUSO Financial Services, L.P.*

photo of Adrian Hedwig

Adrian A. Hedwig

Financial Advisor, CUSO Financial Services, L.P.*
Available by appointment at all Salal Credit Union branches.
Virtual and phone meetings also available.
P: 206.607.3481
F. 206.299.9530

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Quarterly Market Review:
July – September 2023

The Markets (Through September 30, 2023)

The positive momentum of the first two quarters of the year did not carry over to the third quarter. Inflation continued to prove stubborn throughout the third quarter, moderating somewhat, but not enough to curb the Federal Reserve’s hawkish monetary policy. Crude oil and gasoline prices soared during the summer. Job gains, while steady, declined throughout the third quarter. The housing sector slowed on rising mortgage rates and dwindling inventory. The third quarter saw most of the market sectors decline from the second quarter. Utilities, real estate, information  technology, consumer staples, and consumer discretionary fell the furthest, while energy rose by more than 16.0%.

On the last day of the third quarter, each of the benchmark indexes lost value compared to their second-quarter performances. The small caps of the Russell 2000, sensitive to current economic changes, fell the furthest, followed by the Nasdaq, the S&P 500, the Global Dow, and the Dow. Rising interest rates have impacted bond prices, yields, and the U.S. dollar. Ten-year Government bond yields rose in the third quarter, reaching the highest level since 2007, as long-term bond prices slid lower. The U.S. dollar also rose in the third quarter, hitting its highest level since last November. With rising bond yields, foreign investors buy dollars to buy bonds, which helps contribute to the increasing dollar. The increase in the Federal Funds rate pushed mortgage rates to 7.31% on the benchmark 30-year home loan, the highest rate in 23 years. However, unlike 2000, house prices are generally rising alongside mortgage rates, as demand has outpaced available inventory. Oil prices, near $91.00 per barrel, rose nearly 30.0% since June, as Saudi Arabia and Russia, the world’s second and third largest oil exporters, extended voluntary restrictions on their production. The retail price for regular gasoline was $3.837 per gallon on September 25, $0.024 above the August 28 price and $0.027 higher than the price on June 26. Regular retail gas prices increased $0.126 from a year ago. Gold prices declined in the third quarter, nearing a seven-month low.

July began the quarter with stocks posting notable gains from the previous month. Economic indicators offered signs that inflation was moderating, which helped equities advance. The S&P 500 notched its fifth consecutive monthly gain as all 11 market sectors finished the month higher. Overall, small caps outperformed large caps, with the Russell 2000 (6.1%) leading the benchmark indexes listed here. Energy stocks jumped higher on the heels of rising crude oil prices, which hit a three-month high. Ten-year Treasury yields rose above 4.00% during the month, only to retreat somewhat to 3.95% by the end of July. According to data released in July, both the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and the personal consumption expenditures (PCE) price index rose 0.2% in June compared to a 0.3% advance in May. Adding further evidence of potentially waning inflation, the PCE price index was up 4.1% from June 2022, the lowest 12-month reading since September 2021. Despite slowing inflation, the Federal Reserve opted to hike interest rate 25.0 basis points at the end of July, although there were expectations that the Fed may end interest rate increases. The initial estimate of gross domestic product showed the economy expanded at an annualized rate of 2.4% in the second quarter compared to a 2.0% advance in the first quarter. Consumer spending in the second quarter slowed to 1.6%, down from 4.2% in the first quarter. Employment began to show signs of slowing as job gains in July (157,000) were below the June total (187,000).

Stocks tumbled in August. Each of the benchmark indexes listed here lost value, with the S&P 500 suffering a losing month for the first time since February. The small caps of the Russell 2000 declined more than 5.0%, while the Nasdaq, the Dow, the Global Dow, and the S&P 500 slid more than 2.0%. Long-term bond prices declined, driving yields higher. Ten-year Treasury yields ended the month at 4.1%, up nearly 14.0 basis points from July. Several economic indicators released in August showed favorable results. Industrial production rose 1.0% in July after declining in both May and June. Consumer spending increased 0.8%, while retail sales jumped 0.7%. The PCE price index and the CPI rose 0.2%. While sales of existing homes declined, new home sales rose to their highest level since early 2022 despite soaring mortgage rates. Unfortunately, investors seemed to view August’s moderately favorable economic news as a sign that the Federal Reserve would maintain its aggressive monetary policy. The result was a move away from stocks. With the exception of energy, the remaining market sectors declined. Crude oil prices rose more than 2.0%, as production cuts from Saudi Arabia and Russia drove prices higher.

September continued the bear run for stocks. Each of the benchmark indexes listed here fell between 3.0% and more than 6.0%. Inflationary pressures showed signs of cooling, with core prices for the PCE price index and the CPI decreasing for the 12 months ending in August. The Federal Reserve elected not to increase interest rates in June, opting, instead, to step back and assess additional information and its implications for monetary policy. Gross domestic product advanced at an annualized rate of 2.1%, according to the third and final estimate. Crude oil prices continued to increase, as did the yield on 10-year Treasuries. Gold prices declined more than 5.0%.

Stock Market Indexes

2022 Close
As of June 30
Monthly Change
Quarterly Change
YTD Change
S&P 500
Russell 2000
Global Dow
Fed. Funds
4.25% – 4.50%5.25% – 5.50%0 bps25 bps100 bps
10-year Treasuries
3.87%4.57%48 bps76 bps70 bps
US Dollar-DXY
Crude Oil-CL=F
Chart reflects price changes, not total return. Because it does not include dividends or splits, it should not be used to benchmark performance of specific investments.

Latest Economic Reports

  • Employment: Employment rose by 187,000 in August from July following a downwardly revised July total of 157,000. Over the last 12 months ended in August, the average monthly job gain was 312,000. In August, employment trended upward in health care, leisure and hospitality, social assistance, and construction. The unemployment rate increased 0.3 percentage point for the second straight month to 3.8%. In August, the number of unemployed persons rose by 514,000 to 6.4 million. The employment-population ratio was unchanged at 60.4%, while the labor force participation rate advanced 0.2 percentage point to 62.8%. In August, average hourly earnings increased by $0.08, or 0.2%, to $33.82. Over the 12 months ended in August, average hourly earnings rose by 4.3%. In August, the average workweek edged up 0.1 hour to 34.4 hours.
  • There were 204,000 initial claims for unemployment insurance for the week ended September 23, 2023. The total number of workers receiving unemployment insurance was 1,670,000. By comparison, over the same period last year, there were 182,000 initial claims for unemployment insurance, and the total number of claims paid was 1,290,000.
  • FOMC/interest rates: The Federal Open Market Committee left the Federal Funds target rate unchanged following its meeting in September. However, it is anticipated that one more 25-basis point increase will occur before the end of the year. In addition, Fed Chair Jerome Powell indicated that inflation was still elevated and that interest rates would likely remain higher for a longer period than previously projected.
  • GDP/budget: Economic growth remained steady in the second quarter, as gross domestic product increased 2.1%, compared with a 2.2% increase in the first quarter. The deceleration in second-quarter GDP compared to the previous quarter primarily reflected a smaller decrease in consumer spending, a downturn in exports, and a deceleration in federal government spending. These movements were partly offset by an increase in private inventory investment and in nonresidential fixed investment, coupled with a smaller decrease in residential investment. Imports turned down. Consumer spending, as measured by personal consumption expenditures, rose 0.8% in the second quarter compared to a 3.8% increase in the first quarter. Consumer spending on long-lasting durable goods inched down 0.3% in the second quarter after advancing 14.0% in the prior quarter. Spending on services rose 1.0% in the second quarter (3.1% in the first quarter). Nonresidential fixed investment increased 7.4% after rising 5.7% in the first quarter. Residential fixed investment fell 2.2% in the second quarter, lower than the decrease in the first quarter (-5.3%). Exports decreased 9.3% in the second quarter following an increase of 6.8% in the first quarter. Imports, which are a negative in the calculation of GDP, decreased 7.6% in the second quarter after advancing 1.3% in the previous quarter. Consumer prices increased 2.5% in the second quarter compared to a 4.2% advance in the first quarter. Excluding food and energy, consumer prices advanced 3.7% in the second quarter (5.0% in the first quarter).
  • The federal budget had a surplus of $89.0 billion in August but a deficit of $1,524 billion through the first 11 months of fiscal year 2023. By comparison, the August 2022 monthly deficit was $220.0 billion, and the total deficit through August 2022 was $946.0 billion. In August, government receipts totaled $283.0 billion, while outlays equaled $194.0 billion. Compared to the first 11 months of the prior fiscal year, government outlays increased by $142.0 billion, while receipts rose by $438.0 billion.
  • Inflation/consumer spending: According to the latest Personal Income and Outlays report, consumer spending increased 0.4% in August, down from 0.9% (revised) in July. Personal income rose 0.4% in August, while disposable personal income inched up 0.2%. Rising prices at the pump pushed consumer prices higher in August. Consumer prices rose 0.4% in August, 0.2 percentage point above the July estimate. Consumer prices, excluding food and energy (core prices), the preferred inflation indicator used by the Federal Reserve, edged up only 0.1% in August, down from the July increase of 0.2%. Over the 12 months ended in August, consumer prices increased 3.5%, 0.2 percentage point above the rate for the period ended in July. Core prices rose 3.9% for the year ended in August, down from 4.3% for the 12 months ended in July.
  • The Consumer Price Index rose 0.6% in August compared to a 0.2% advance in July. Over the 12 months ended in August, the CPI advanced 3.7%, up 0.5 basis point from the annual rate for the period ended in July. Core prices, excluding food and energy, rose 0.3% in August and 4.3% over the last 12 months, which is the lowest 12-month rate since September 2021. Energy prices rose 5.6% in August, with gasoline prices increasing 10.6%, which accounted for over half of the overall CPI increase. However, energy prices are down 3.6% since August 2022. Food prices advanced 0.2% in August, matching the July increase. Since August 2022, food prices rose 4.3%. Prices for shelter advanced 0.8% in August and 7.3% over the last 12 months.
  • Prices that producers received for goods and services increased 0.7% in August after rising 0.3% in July. Producer prices increased 1.6% for the 12 months ended in August, double the 12-month increase from July 2022. The August advance was the largest monthly advance since June 2022. In August, 80.0% of the overall increase in producer prices was attributable to a 2.0% jump in prices for goods. Prices for services advanced 0.2%. Producer prices less foods, energy, and trade services increased 0.3% in August, the same as in July. For the 12 months ended in August, prices less foods, energy, and trade services rose 3.0%, the largest advance since moving up 3.4% for the 12 months ended in April.
  • Housing: Sales of existing homes decreased 0.7% in August, marking the third consecutive month of declines. Since August 2022, existing-home sales dropped 15.3%. According to the report from the National Association of Realtors®, two factors have stifled sales activity: rising mortgage rates and limited inventory. In August, total existing-home inventory sat at a 3.3-month supply at the current sales pace, unchanged from the previous month. The median existing-home price was $407,100 in August, up from the July price of $405,700 and well above the August 2022 price of $391,700. Despite a drop in the number of sales, home prices continue to rise. Prices will likely remain elevated until inventory increases. Sales of existing single-family homes dropped 1.4% in August and 15.3% from a year ago. The median existing single-family home price was $413,500 in August, up from the July price of $411,200 and above the August 2022 price of $398,800.
  • New single-family home sales declined in August, falling 8.7% from the July estimate. Overall, single-family home sales were up 5.8% from a year earlier. The median sales price of new single-family houses sold in August was $430,300 ($436,600 in July). The August average sales price was $514,000 ($507,900 in July). The inventory of new single-family homes for sale in August increased to 7.8 months, up from 7.0 months in July.
  • Manufacturing: Industrial production advanced 0.4% in August after advancing 0.7% in July. Manufacturing inched up 0.1% in August, held back by a drop of 5.0% in the output of motor vehicles and parts. Excluding that sector, factory output rose 0.6%. In August, mining moved up 1.4%, while utilities increased 0.9%. Total industrial production in August was 0.2% above its year-earlier level. In August, the aforementioned drop in the output of motor vehicles and parts contributed to declines in the indexes for consumer durables and transit equipment. Most of the other major market groups posted increases in August. The index for consumer nondurables moved up 0.4%, and the index for materials advanced 0.7%. Within materials, energy materials rose 1.5%, while nonenergy materials edged up 0.1%.
  • New orders for durable goods rose 0.2% in August, marking the fifth monthly increase in the last six months. Excluding defense, new orders decreased 0.7%. Excluding transportation, new orders increased 0.4%. Core capital goods orders, excluding defense and aircraft, advanced 0.9% in August following a 0.4% decline in July.
  • Imports and exports: August saw both import and export prices increase for the second straight month. Import prices rose 0.5% following a 0.1% increase in July. The August increase in import prices was the third monthly advance of 2023. Imports declined 3.0% over the past year. Import fuel prices rose 6.7% in August, driven higher by production cuts. Nonfuel import prices edged down 0.1%. Export prices rose 1.3% in August after rising 0.5% in the previous month. The advance in August was the largest monthly increase since a 2.7% increase in May 2022. Higher nonagricultural prices in August more than offset lower agricultural prices. Despite the advance in August, export prices declined 5.5% over the past year.
  • The international trade in goods deficit decreased $6.6 billion, or 7.3%, in August. Exports of goods increased 2.2% from July, while imports of goods decreased 1.2%.
  • The latest information on international trade in goods and services, released September 6, was for July and revealed that the goods and services trade deficit increased $65.0 billion, or 2.0%, from June. Exports for July rose 1.6% from the previous month. Imports increased 1.7%. Year to date, the goods and services deficit decreased $128.3 billion, or 21.4%, from the same period in 2022. Exports increased 1.6%, while imports decreased 4.3%.
  • International markets: Russia’s economy is expected to grow. Despite Western sanctions against Russia in response to the invasion of Ukraine, including a price cap on its oil exports, Moscow has apparently been able to offset that cap by increasing oil prices and exporting to new markets. Elsewhere, after 14 consecutive monthly increases, the Bank of England decided to leave the Bank Rate at its current 5.25%, counter to the anticipated 25.0-basis point increase that was widely expected. Price inflation remained steady in Japan as higher food and gasoline prices offset decreases in utilities. Japan’s Consumer Price Index rose 2.8% for the 12 months ended in September, a decrease of 0.1 percentage point from the August annual figure. China saw industrial profits fall 11.7% for the year ended in August, which was an upgrade from the 15.5% decline for the year ended in July. This is in line with China’s industrial production, which rose 4.5% for the year ended in August, higher than the 3.7% estimate for the year ended in July. Overall, China saw its economy stall somewhat in September, with retail sales, pricing power, and loan growth weaker compared to August. For September, the STOXX Europe 600 Index decreased 0.9%; the United Kingdom’s FTSE rose 2.5%; Japan’s Nikkei 225 Index fell 2.6%; and China’s Shanghai Composite Index dipped 0.3%.
  • Consumer confidence: Consumer confidence declined in September for the second straight month. The Conference Board Consumer Confidence Index® decreased in September to 103.0, down from 108.7 in August (revised). The Present Situation Index, based on consumers’ assessment of current business and labor market conditions, rose marginally to 147.1 in September, up from 146.7 in the previous month. The Expectations Index, based on consumers’ short-term outlook for income, business, and labor market conditions, declined to 73.7 in September from 83.3 in August.

Eye on the Quarter Ahead

It appeared that the start of the fourth quarter might be marred by a government shutdown. However, U.S. lawmakers reached a short-term resolution right before the October 1 deadline. October will begin with autoworkers on strike and student loan payments resuming after a pandemic-related pause. Otherwise, investors will continue to focus on inflation data and the Federal Reserve’s response during the last three months of the year. Concerns over slowing economic activity, both here and globally, also will influence the market going forward.

Data sources: Economic: Based on data from U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (unemployment, inflation); U.S. Department of Commerce (GDP, corporate profits, retail sales, housing); S&P/Case-Shiller 20-City Composite Index (home prices); Institute for Supply Management (manufacturing/services). Performance:  Based on data reported in WSJ Market Data Center (indexes); U.S. Treasury (Treasury yields); U.S. Energy Information Administration/Bloomberg.com Market Data (oil spot price, WTI, Cushing, OK); www.goldprice.org (spot gold/silver); Oanda/FX Street (currency exchange rates). News items are based on reports from multiple commonly available international news sources (i.e., wire services) and are independently verified when necessary with secondary sources such as government agencies, corporate press releases, or trade organizations. All information is based on sources deemed reliable, but no warranty or guarantee is made as to its accuracy or completeness. Neither the information nor any opinion expressed herein constitutes a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any securities, and should not be relied on as financial advice. Forecasts are based on current conditions, subject to change, and may not come to pass. U.S. Treasury securities are guaranteed by the federal government as to the timely payment of principal and interest. The principal value of Treasury securities and other bonds fluctuates with market conditions. Bonds are subject to inflation, interest-rate, and credit risks. As interest rates rise, bond prices typically fall. A bond sold or redeemed prior to maturity may be subject to loss. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. All investing involves risk, including the potential loss of principal, and there can be no guarantee that any investing strategy will be successful.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) is a price-weighted index composed of 30 widely traded blue-chip U.S. common stocks. The S&P 500 is a market-cap weighted index composed of the common stocks of 500 largest, publicly traded companies in leading industries of the U.S. economy. The NASDAQ Composite Index is a market-value weighted index of all common stocks listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange. The Russell 2000 is a market-cap weighted index composed of 2,000 U.S. small-cap common stocks. The Global Dow is an equally weighted index of 150 widely traded blue-chip common stocks worldwide. The U.S. Dollar Index is a geometrically weighted index of the value of the U.S. dollar relative to six foreign currencies. Market indexes listed are unmanaged and are not available for direct investment.

The Fed Holds Steady, but Signals One More Hike

What Happened?

The U.S. Federal Reserve left interest rates unchanged at 5.25% – 5.50%, a 22-year high. The policy statement contained minimal changes to key wording, and Chair Jerome Powell continued to signal reasonably high odds of another rate hike later this year.

The policy statement continued to characterize inflation as “elevated” and upgraded the language about growth to “solid” from “moderate.” The policy outlook language remained unchanged, discussing “additional policy firming that may be appropriate.”

The updated summary of economic projections showed a large upward revision to 2023 real GDP growth, from 1.0% to 2.1%. The core inflation forecast was revised down slightly, from 3.9% to 3.7%. The dot plot of rate expectations continues to show one more rate hike this year, as expected, while the 2024 dots moved higher to reflect only 50 basis points of rate cuts next year.

In his press conference, Chair Powell emphasized that the Fed remains committed to decreasing inflation to the 2% target. He said that the FOMC can afford to “proceed carefully” and will take upcoming decisions on a “meeting-by-meeting” basis. This likely signals a strong possibility, but not a certainty, of one more rate hike.

Recent Data Have Been Supportive

The data released during the intermeeting period broadly supported the Fed’s prior economic projections. Core CPI inflation has moved down to +4.3% year-over-year, a -1.4 percentage point deceleration so far in 2023. On the other hand, core services, excluding housing, a key measure for the Fed, re-accelerated to its fastest pace in almost a year.

new home construction, salal investment services newsletter

The labor market remains bulletproof, adding around 150,000 jobs on average over the last three months. At the same time, the participation rate has moved higher, with prime-age employment reaching a 22-year high. Nevertheless, cracks are emerging, as the quits rate is now below the 2019 level and the number of job openings continues to fall.

The economic outlook remains healthy, with growth slowing but not collapsing. This is what the Fed wants, and it should be sufficient for inflation to decline through the end of the year. We continue to forecast a material growth slowdown over the coming quarters, with a year-end core inflation rate near 4%.

What Does This Mean For Investors?

With the Fed inching closer to the end of its rate hikes and the economic backdrop remaining uncertain, volatility will likely pick up again. We continue to believe Treasury yields should moderate over the course of this year and expect the curve to become less inverted.

For investors looking to increase yield without moving into full risk-on mode, we think it makes sense to explore areas of the broad bond market, including municipals. One way to do this is by adding to investment-grade corporate bonds, which have relatively longer durations than the broader fixed-income market. They are also currently yielding close to 6%, and defaults are expected to remain low. We also favor selectively taking on risk in other credit sectors like senior loans, emerging markets debt, and preferred securities, although duration in these categories is lower than in corporate bonds.

While investors may find ways to play offense and defense in the U.S. equity market, the S&P 500 Index is currently trading at an approximately 6% premium to its 10-year average on a forward price-to-earnings basis. These rich valuations help inform our neutral stance on U.S. equities overall. But allocating more broadly via a globally diversified equity portfolio provides attractive opportunities in certain pockets of both developed and emerging markets.

In private capital markets, we prefer allocating to income-producing asset classes with the potential for returns less correlated to the broader market. In particular, we see compelling opportunities in select areas of private credit and private real estate.

Federal Reserve Statement, September 2023.
Bloomberg, L.P.
This material is not intended to be a recommendation or investment advice, does not constitute a solicitation to buy, sell or hold a security or an investment strategy, and is not provided in a fiduciary capacity. The information provided does not take into account the specific objectives or circumstances of any particular investor, or suggest any specific course of action. Investment decisions should be made based on an investor’s objectives and circumstances and in consultation with his or her financial professionals.
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U.S. Debt Downgrade: A Quick Guide

What Happened?

Rating agency Fitch Ratings cut the U.S. long-term foreign currency issuer default rating to AA+ from AAA. This was the second time in history a rating agency did this, as S&P Global Ratings did it previously in August 2011.

Why Did Fitch Downgrade U.S. Debt?

Fitch put the U.S. on watch for a potential downgrade three months ago during the debt ceiling saga, so the possibility of a downgrade has been looming.

Fitch cited, “the expected fiscal deterioration over the next three years, a high and growing general government debt burden, and the erosion of governance relative to ‘AA’ and ‘AAA’ rated peers” as reasons for the downgrade.

The Market Impact?

After a period of calm, markets appear to be reacting to this announcement. The Volatility Index (VIX) spiked nearly 20%, the S&P 500 was down more than 1%, and the Nasdaq was down more than 2%, it’s worst single day since February.

However, context is important. The S&P 500 has been positive five months in a row, the Dow had a 13-day streak of positive returns in July (one of its longest stretches ever), and the VIX has been hovering near the bottom of its historical range.

In short, we were probably overdue for some turbulence.

Could This Push the U.S. Into a Recession?

Impossible to say with certainty, but it seems unlikely.

The last time U.S. debt was downgraded, in 2011, we saw the economy grow in the quarter that followed and then eight straight years after until the pandemic hit in 2020.

This event should not be completely ignored, but the economic trends we’ve seen this year — strong consumers, slowing inflation, a healthy jobs market, improving earnings — are likely more powerful than Fitch’s announcement.

What Happened in 2011?

Today, we have the benefit of having gone through this experience before.

The S&P 500 experienced significant volatility in the wake of the debt downgrade. There were big up days and big down days as the market filtered through the news.

But one year after the downgrade, the S&P 500 was up nearly 20%.

In fixed income, bonds actually rallied during that period because interest rates fell.

Will Investors be Forced to Sell?

From a technical perspective, there’s a question of whether a credit downgrade will force some investors to sell U.S. Treasuries. It’s not unusual for funds to state they’ll only hold securities with a specific credit rating.

Using 2011 as precedent, there was no fire sale of U.S. Treasuries-investors actually bought treasuries. That does not mean the same outcome will unfold, but U.S. Treasuries will likely retain their status as one of the safest assets investors can hold.

Additionally, we wouldn’t anticipate large owners of U.S. debt being forced to sell because of the downgrade either. Because Treasury securities are such an important asset class, most investment mandates  refer to them specifically, rather than AAA-rated government debt.

Bottom Line

It seems more likely the long tail of history will view this downgrade as another event that markets and the economy were able to overcome. In fact, not all credit rating agencies agree with the Fitch assessment. DBRS Morningstar (a wholly-owned subsidiary of Morningstar, Inc.) maintained their AAA rating on U.S. debt in a recent note.

In the note, DBRS Morningstar mentions: ” The AAA ratings reflect the United States’ considerable credit strengths, including the scale, diversification and resilience of the U.S. economy, the strength of the country’s governing institutions, and the reserve currency status of the U.S. dollar. Nevertheless, we continue to monitor how political polarization could adversely impact U.S. credit fundamentals over time.

In the words of Mohamed El-Erian, chief economic advisor or Allianz:

“Overall, this announcement is much more likely to be dismissed than have a lasting disruptive impact on the U.S. economy and markets.”

These opinions are as of the date writte, are subject to change wihtouce, d o not constitued investment advice, and are prvided solely for inofmational purposes, Morninstar investment Management shall not be responsbile for any trading, decision, damgesm or other losses resulting from, or related to, the information, data, analyses

*Non-deposit investment products and services are offered through CUSO Financial Services, L.P. (“CFS”), a registered broker-dealer (member FINRA / SIPC) and SEC Registered Investment Advisor. Products offered through CFS: are not NCUA/NCUSIF or otherwise federally insured, are not guarantees or obligations of the credit union, and may involve investment risk including possible loss of principal. Investment Representatives are registered through CFS. The credit union has contracted with CFS to make non-deposit investment products and services available to credit union members.
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Articles prepared for Salal Investment Services by Broadridge Investor Communication Solutions, Inc. Copyright 2023. Broadridge Investor Communication Solutions, Inc. does not provide investment, tax, or legal advice. The information presented here is not specific to any individual’s personal circumstances. To the extent that this material concerns tax matters, it is not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, by a taxpayer for the purpose of avoiding penalties that may be imposed by law. Each taxpayer should seek independent advice from a tax professional based on his or her individual circumstances. These materials are provided for general information and educational purposes based upon publicly available information from sources believed to be reliable—we cannot assure the accuracy or completeness of these materials. The information in these materials may change at any time and without notice.
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